Conditions

Simply click on a condition below to learn about the different types of nervous system disorders and possible tests to verify and/or the condition.


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

OVERVIEW:
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also called Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive neuromuscular disease that weakens and eventually destroys motor neurons (components of the nervous system that connect the brain with the skeletal muscles). Skeletal muscles are involved with voluntary movements, such as walking and talking. The motor neurons transmit the command to move from the brain to the skeletal muscles, which respond by contracting.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Routine EMG & Nerve Conduction Studies (EMG/NCV)

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Alzheimer's Disease (AD)

OVERVIEW:
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an irreversible, progressive disorder in which brain cells (neurons) deteriorate, resulting in the loss of cognitive functions, primarily memory, judgment and reasoning, movement coordination, and pattern recognition. In advanced stages of the disease, all memory and mental functioning may be lost.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

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Bell's Palsy

OVERVIEW:
Bell's Palsy is a neurological disorder caused by damage to the seventh cranial nerve, also known as the facial nerve, which results in weakness or paralysis on one side of the face. The paralysis causes distortion of facial features and interferes with normal functions, such as closing the eye and eating.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Routine EMG (EMG)

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Carpel Tunnel Syndrome

OVERVIEW:
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a common condition caused by compression, or entrapment, of the motor and sensory nerve in the wrist (median nerve), resulting in pain, muscle weakness, impaired reflexes, numbness, and tingling in the hand. Nerve compression is often associated with repetitive activities (e.g., typing, painting, hammering) that cause stress injury, swelling, and inflammation.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Nerve Conduction Studies (NCV)
- Routine EMG (EMG)

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Cephalic Disorders

OVERVIEW:
Cephalic Disorders refer to defects resulting from abnormal development of, or damage to, the brain and spinal cord. Cephalic disorders are present at or before birth. In most cases, the problem occurs early in the development of the fetal nervous system. In other cases, the problem occurs when the fibrous joints connecting the bones of the skull join prematurely.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
* Please contact our offices for more information.

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Cerebral Palsy

OVERVIEW:
Cerebral Palsy is faulty development or damage to motor areas in the brain impairing the body's ability to control movement and posture. This results in a number of chronic neurological disorders. Cerebral palsy is usually associated with events that occur before or during birth, but may be acquired during the first few months or years of life as the result of head trauma or infection.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Electroencephalography (EEG)
- Routine EMG (EMG)
- Nerve Conduction Studies (NCV)

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Dementia

OVERVIEW:
Dementia refers to a loss of cognitive function (cognition) due to changes in the brain caused by disease or trauma. The changes may occur gradually or quickly; and how they occur may determine whether dementia is reversible or irreversible.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Electroencephalography (EEG)
- Magnetic Resource Imaging (MRI)

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Headaches

OVERVIEW:
Headache is a term used to describe aching or pain that occurs in one or more areas of the head, face, mouth, or neck. Headache can be chronic, recurrent, or occasional. The pain can be mild or severe enough to disrupt daily activities. Headache involves the network of nerve fibers in the tissues, muscles, and blood vessels located in the head and at the base of the skull.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Electroencephalography (EEG)
- Magnetic Resource Imaging (MRI)

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Huntington's Disease (HD)

OVERVIEW:
Huntington's Disease (HD) is a fatal hereditary disease that destroys neurons in areas of the brain involved in the emotions, intellect, and movement. The course of Huntington's is characterized by jerking uncontrollable movement of the limbs, trunk, and face (chorea); progressive loss of mental abilities; and the development of psychiatric problems.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Magnetic Resource Imaging (MRI)

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Movement Disorders

OVERVIEW:
Movement Disorders are neurological conditions that affect the speed, fluency, quality, and ease of movement. Abnormal fluency or speed of movement (dyskinesia) may involve excessive or involuntary movement (hyperkinesia) or slowed or absent voluntary movement (hypokinesia).

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Magnetic Resource Imaging (MRI)
- Electroencephalography (EEG)
- Routine (EMG)

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

OVERVIEW:
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, progressive, degenerative disorder that affects nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord. A fatty substance (called myelin) surrounds and insulates nerve fibers and facilitates the conduction of nerve impulse transmissions.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Magnetic Resource Imaging (MRI)
- Evoked Potential Studies (DEP/VEP)

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Myopathies

OVERVIEW:
Myopathies are diseases that affect muscles connected to bones (called skeletal muscles), such as the biceps in the upper arm and the quadriceps in the thigh. Myopathies can be caused by inherited genetic defects (e.g., muscular dystrophies), and endocrine, inflammatory (e.g., polymyositis), and metabolic disorders.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Routine EMG (EMG)

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Neuropathy

OVERVIEW:
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POSSIBLE TESTS:
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Seizures

OVERVIEW:
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POSSIBLE TESTS:
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Sleep Disorders

OVERVIEW:
Sleep is absolutely essential for normal, healthy function. Scientists and medical professionals do not fully understand this complicated,
necessary, physiological phenomenon. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, about 40 million people in the United States suffer from chronic long-term sleep disorders each year and an additional 20 million people suffer occasional sleep problems.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Electroencephalography (EEG)

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Strokes

OVERVIEW:
Strokes, or brain attacks, are a major cause of death and permanent disability. They occur when blood flow to a region of the brain is obstructed and may result in death of brain tissue.

POSSIBLE TESTS:
- Magnetic Resource Imaging (MRI)

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Tumors

OVERVIEW:
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POSSIBLE TESTS:
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